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Acoustics plays an important role in Hindu worship spaces and practices. In Hindu temples chants, bells, conchs and gongs are used extensively during worship rituals. The soundscape due to this acoustic environment enhances the focusing of the devotees. There have been several rock-cut cave Hindu temples in India. In this paper acoustical studies of two rock-cut cave Hindu temples are carried out. One of them is the well-known Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple built during 9th century in Bengaluru which is also known for the sunlight falling on the Shivalinga on the day of Makara Sankranti in January. The clarity of sound is not only observed near the Garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) but also at far distances in the Maha-Mandapa (great hall). The reverberation and propagation of sound in the interior space are studied. The other temple is in Hulimavu near Bengaluru is also studied for its acoustical characteristics. The paper discusses the importance of acoustics in Hindu temples.
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