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More and more people are returning to cities with their liveliness as well as their multi-faceted cultural attractions and dining experiences, but living space is scarce. Each year, about 400,000 flats would need to be built in Germany to meet that demand. In order to address these ambitious targets, the building law was amended in 2017. The objectives are as follows: reduction in land consumption, creation of new opportunities for housing constructions, and providing further tools for more densely built-up areas with higher buildings, also promoting the coexistence between residential and industrial estates. Urban planning and housing will be simplified for municipalities. The recently established ‘urban area’ follows the urban model: short distances, local jobs and social diversity. Traffic should be avoided and reduced; living spaces and public spaces should be supported. Promotion of urban development through the redirection of the demand for land into areas which are already populated, reutilization of brownfields, filling of vacant lots, post urbanization, mixed-use development, qualitative upgrading of existing structures and adaptation to user's changing needs in turn lead to a higher noise level and therefore to a higher obligatory tolerance. The central issue of numerous urban projects will be an appropriate conflict resolution. Measures, such as passive sound insulation, enforcement of operational duties and allocation are gaining center stage. Thereby, the protection against noise from the outside area is important in order to ensure the quality of life. This requires further scientific knowledge of noise impact in relation to the combined impact by simultaneous exposition to all kinds of noise sources.
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